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Full text of "Comprehensive Management and Use Plan--Map Supplement: Trail of Tears National Historic Trail"

1 22.88/3: T22/SUPP. 



Comprehensive Management and U 

Clemson University 



3 1604 019 570 805 




t 







FEDERAL 
PUBLICATION 






PUBLIC DOwJMtNTS 
PEPOSITORY ITEM 

FES 24 1993 

CLEMSON 
UBRAPv 

Comprehensive Management and Use Plan-Map Supplement 
TRAIL OF TEARS NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 




Alabama • Arkansas • Georgia • Illinois • Kentucky • Missouri • North Carolina • Oklahoma • Tennessee 



Recommended: 

Joel V. Kussman May 21. 1992 

Manager, Central Team, Denver Service Center 



Approved: 

John E. Cook June 11, 1992 

Regional Director, Southwest Region 



Concurred: 

James W. Coleman, Jr. April 13, 1992 

Regional Director, Southeast Region 

Don H. Castleberry April 20, 1992 

Regional Director, Midwest Region 




Printed on Recycled Paper 



Comprehensive Management and Use Plan 
Map Supplement 

September 1992 




TRAIL OF TEARS NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

Alabama • Arkansas • Georgia • Illinois • Kentucky 
Missouri • North Carolina • Oklahoma • Tennessee 



United States Department of the Interior • National Park Service • Denver Service Center 



Cover painting: Leaving the Smokies, by Donald Vann, full-blood Cherokee. © 1992 and published by Native 
American Images, P.O. Box 746, Austin, Texas 78767 



MAPS 



Historic Routes 




3 
Mao No. 


Northern Route 






Key Index & Historic Sites 


1 


Segment Maps 




2-62 


North Carol 


ina 


2-5 


Georgia 




6-10, 12-13 


Alabama 




11 


Tennessee 




13-27 


Kentucky 




27-33 


Illinois 




33-36 


Missouri 




37-56 


Arkansas 




57-61 


Oklahoma 




61-62 


Water Route 






Key Index 




63 


Segment Maps 




64-132 


Tennessee 


64-66, 77-89, 


98, 100-108 


Alabama 




66-78 


Mississippi 




77, 108-115 


Kentucky 




88-99 


Illinois 




92-95 


Missouri 




94-101 


Arkansas 




102-132 


Oklahoma 




132 


Hildebrand's Route 






Key Index 




133 


Segment Maps - 


Missouri 


134-41 


Taylor's Route 






Key Index 




142 


Segment Maps - 


Tennessee 


143^7 


Benge's Route 






Key Index 




148 


Segment Maps 




149-98 


Alabama 




1 49-56 


Tennessee 




156-67 


Kentucky 




167-70 


Missouri 




169-81 


Illinois 




170 


Arkansas 




181-98 


Bell's Route 






Key Index 




199 


Segment Maps 




200-47 


Tennessee 




200-22 


Arkansas 




221-43 


Oklahoma 




243-47 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://archive.org/details/comprehensivemanOOsupp 



INTRODUCTION 



Congress designated the Trail of Tears Na- 
tional Historic Trail in December 1 987 (Public 
Law 100-192). In accordance with the Na- 
tional Trails System Act, the National Park 
Service has prepared an official set of trail 
maps for the Comprehensive Management 
and Use Plan, which are included in this 
Map Supplement. 

The base maps were U.S. Geological Survey 
planimetric maps, 1 :1 00,000 (scale of about 
1" to 1.5 miles). The water route and the 
three principal overland routes, as well as 
variations, were mapped. Each section of 
maps is preceded by a foldout index panel 
indicating the sequence of individual seg- 
ment maps. Important sites are labeled, and 
the locations are marked with a dot (•). A 

black line ( ) is used to designate the 

known land routes, and a dashed black line 
( — ) denotes a land route where the exact 
alignment is unknown. A line of open dots 
(oooo) marks the water route. 

The National Park Service contracted with 
Duane H. King to map the trail and to identi- 
fy significant sites along it. Research encom- 
passed primary and secondary sources at a 
variety of archives, including the National 
Archives, the Library of Congress, Gilcrease 
Museum, plus state and university reposito- 
ries. Several historic maps depicting early 



roads and trails contained useful information, 
as did original land survey maps. 

Fieldwork to ground-truth the maps proved 
invaluable, and many local residents in the 
nine trail states volunteered to identify route 
segments and historic sites with which they 
were familiar. Several unknown portions of 
the trail were thus located during the field- 
work. 

Almost all of the trail followed existing roads, 
many of which are still used as county, state, 
or federal roads. Some abandoned portions 
of old roads and historic sites are now in 
private ownership, and landowner permission 
must be obtained to see them. 

An official set of trail maps will be kept in the 
administrative office of the Trail of Tears 
National Historic Trail at the NPS Southwest 
Regional Office in Santa Fe, New Mexico. As 
new information becomes available about 
trail routes, and as new sites are identified, 
revisions of the routes and sites will be docu- 
mented in the regional office. Any changes 
to the congressionally designated national 
historic trail route will be published in the 
Federal Register, in conformance with the 
National Trails System Act, and necessary 
revisions will be made to the Comprehensive 
Management and Use Plan. 



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FORT GIBS 



LEGISLATIVELY DESIGNATED ROUTES 

NORTHERN - LAND 

(including Taylor's and Hildebrand's routes) 

WATER 

OTHER MAJOR ROUTES 

BENGE 
BELL 




NORTH 



10 20 30 40 50 MILES- APPROXIMATE 

HISTORIC ROUTES 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610-40000ADSCFEB 92 





LEGISLATIVELY DESIGNATED ROUTES 

NORTHERN - LAND 

(Including Taylors and Hildebrand's routes) 

WATER 

OTHER MAJOR ROUTES 

BENGE 
BELL 



© 



10 20 30 40 SO MILES-APPROXIMATE 

HISTORIC ROUTES 
TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

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MAP 1 

KEY INDEX 

HISTORIC SITES & 

NORTHERN ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610 40000 DSC- OCT 90 





NORTHERN ROUTE 
OTHER ROUTES 



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KEY INDEX 

HISTORIC SITES & 

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TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610 40000 OSC OCT 90 



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KEY INDEX 
WATER ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 
610-40000DSC-OCT 90 





WATER ROUTE 
OTHER ROUTES 



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KEY INDEX 

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TRAIL OF TEARS 

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610 40000DSCOCT90 




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MAP 133 

KEY INDEX 
HILDEBRAND'S ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 
610 40000DSCOCT 90 





HILDEBRAND'S ROUTE 
OTHER ROUTES 



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10 20 30 40 50 MILES-APPROXIMATE 



MAP 133 

KEY INDEX 
HILDEBRAND'S ROUTE 
TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 
610 40000 DSCOCT 90 



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OTHER ROUTES 




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I 1 1 1 1 1 

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MAP 142 

KEY INDEX 
TAYLOR'S ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610-40000DSCOCT 90 





TAYLOR'S ROUTE 
OTHER ROUTES 



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10 20 30 40 50 MILES-APPROXIMATE 

MAP 142 

KEY INDEX 

TAYLOR'S ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 
610-40000 DSC OCT 90 



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OTHER ROUTES 



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I 1 1 1 1 1 

10 20 30 40 50 MILES-APPROXIMATE 



MAP 148 

KEY INDEX 
BENGE'S ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610-400000-DSC-OCT 90 



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MAP 148 

KEY INDEX 

BENGE'S ROUTE 

TRAIL OF TEARS 

NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

610-400000-DSC-OCT 90 




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TRAIL OF TEARS 

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NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 
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As the nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has responsibility for most of our 
nationally owned public lands and natural and cultural resources. This includes fostering wise use of our land 
and water resources, protecting our fish and wildlife, preserving the environmental and cultural values of our 
national parks and historical places, and providing for the enjoyment of life through outdoor recreation. The 
department assesses our energy and mineral resources and works to ensure that their development is in the 
best interests of all our people. The department also promotes the goals of the Take Pride in America campaign 
by encouraging stewardship and citizen responsibility for the public lands and promoting citizen participation in 
their care. The department also has a major responsibility for American Indian reservation communities and for 
people who live in island territories under U.S. administration. 



Publication services were provided by Toni Bryant, visual information specialist; Jim Giberson, supervisory 
cartographer; and Greg Sorensen, editor, of the Branch of Publications and Graphic Design of the Denver 
Service Center. NPS D-2A (Map Supplement) September 1992 



United States Department of the Interior • National Park Service